Water Supply Schema
The sustainable Operation and Maintenance (O & M) and management of water scheme primarily depend upon the capacity of the beneficiary (or users’) communities accompanied with discharging their responsibilities and confidence. The realization of these conditions requires considerable time and efforts to be made through continued interactions among all stakeholders concerned, particularly the target users’ communities and Woreda officials. (WWO) are expected to perform their tasks through which those users’ communities are expected to be encouraged and empowered into self-organization for sustained operation and management of water scheme. In the past, in many cases, constructed water schemes had considerable problems; there was poor usage and maintenance of water schemes, eventually broken down, because the user communities did not feel that they owned the water scheme, they did not take responsibility of management and O & M, the water schemes were installed without their involvement. Recent experiences have shown that water schemes are effective management system much depends on regular management and monitoring and close communication between the administration (WWO) and the beneficiaries. It was indicated in the assessment report that about 25% of the existing water supply schemes were non-functional, as reported in the WaSH Inventory of the 2011. Some of the core causes for non-functionality is that the lack of functional community managing the schemes, reluctant by community for the contribution for O&M and poor spare part management.